By Dr Chris Cook, Chris Cook, John Ramsden
First released in 1997. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa corporation.
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Additional info for By-Elections in British Politics
The I 92 I Licensing Bill was treated in Parliament as a subject which had a special local 8 22 coupons were issued in the 36 Welsh seats: 19 to Liberals, 2 to Conservatives and I to the National Democratic Party. In areas like Cardiff, where the local Conservatives were relatively strong, there were no coupons, but where Liberalism was strong it also had the benefit of the coupon. See F. W. S. Craig, British Parliamentary Election Results, rgrB-1949 (rg6g). 24 BY-ELECTIONS IN BRITISH POLITICS relevance to Newport, for it had to be decided whether Monmouthshire should be included with England or with Wales for licensing purposes; the Bill included it with Wales, and hence threatened Sunday closing.
The most likely explanation of the result is that some middle-class Liberals, fearing a Labour win, voted for Clarry rather than Moore, because Clarry appeared to have a better chance of beating Bowen. 16 Such a joke could not have been made in I 922; the novelty of Newport was that the squeezing of the Liberals took' place for the first time. If any one issue determined the outcome 15 See History of the Times, IV (2) (1952) pp. 722-fJ7. , 1971) p. 136. 40 BY-ELECTIONS IN BRITISH POLITICS of the Newport by-election, it was surely the electors' expectations of the result itself.
Lloyd George: Twelve Essays (1971). Lord Beaverbrook, The Decline and Fall tif Lloyd George (1963). Robert Rhodes James, Memoirs tif a Conservative ( 1969). Information on the local background is to be found in: K. 0. Morgan, 'Twilight of Welsh Liberalism', Bulletin of the Board of Celtic Studies, XXII (1968). 18 This assumes a uniform national swing with few variations. Although many constituencies between the wars varied considerably from the national pattern, Newport did not. NEWPORT AND THE FALL OF THE COALITION 43 K.