By Kristine Bruland
How did small eu economies collect the applied sciences and abilities had to industrialize within the 19th century? during this very important contribution to a long-standing debate, Kristine Bruland seems to be on the Norwegian event to teach how a technological infrastructure was once created, and means that a lot of this used to be a result of efforts of British laptop makers who from the mid 1840s vigorously sought international markets. supplying not just simple technical providers but additionally expert labour to establish after which supervise the operation of the recent equipment, British cloth engineering organizations have been in a position to provide a whole 'package' of companies, considerably easing the preliminary technical difficulties confronted by means of Norwegian marketers. Kristine Bruland's case-study of the Norwegian cloth demonstrates basically the anomaly that Britain's entrepreneurial efforts within the offer of capital items abroad have been principally chargeable for the construction of the technical commercial bases of a lot of her significant overseas rivals.
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Additional resources for British Technology and European Industrialization: The Norwegian Textile Industry in the Mid-Nineteenth Century
38 Subsequent historical studies on textile machinery have, as Kirk put it, 'exclusively focussed on the technical characteristics of the equipment to the neglect of the machinery-supplying industry'. 39 The authors referred to above have all shown that British textile machine makers were very active in international markets. But the bulk of the 36 38 39 37 See Footnote 53, Ch. 1, p. 21, above. Mathias, First Industrial Nation, p. 232. M. Berg, The Machinery Question and the Making of Political Economy, 1815—1848 (Cambridge, 1980), p.
Cole, British Economic Growth, 1688— 1959 (second edition, Cambridge, 1978), p. Mathias, The First Industrial Nation (Second Edition, London, 1983), p. 110. A. Burstall, A History of Mechanical Engineering (London, 1963), p. 229. R. M. Kirk, The Economic Development of the British Textile Machinery Industry, c. D thesis, 1983), p. 1. For an account of the development of the Roberts automatic mule, see K. Bruland, 'Industrial conflict as a source of technical innovation: three cases', Economy and Society, 1 1 , 2 (1982), pp.
A. Burstall, A History of Mechanical Engineering (London, 1963), p. 229. R. M. Kirk, The Economic Development of the British Textile Machinery Industry, c. D thesis, 1983), p. 1. For an account of the development of the Roberts automatic mule, see K. Bruland, 'Industrial conflict as a source of technical innovation: three cases', Economy and Society, 1 1 , 2 (1982), pp. 9 1 - 1 2 1 . 31 British technology and European industrialization of the textile industry. 2 indicates. 5 percent. Most estimates of capital formation, though often necessarily tentative, show capital equipment or the value of the fixed capital stock increasing at a somewhat faster rate.