Download Blood Feuds: Aids, Blood, and the Politics of Medical by Eric Feldman, Ronald Bayer PDF

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By Eric Feldman, Ronald Bayer

Within the mid-1980s public overall healthiness officers in North the US, Europe, Japan, and Australia came upon that just about half the hemophiliac inhabitants, in addition to tens of millions of blood transfusion recipients, have been contaminated with HIV-tainted blood. This booklet presents a comparative point of view at the political, felony, and social struggles that emerged in keeping with the HIV infection of the blood provide of the industrialized international. It describes how 8 international locations replied to the 1st symptoms that AIDS will be transmitted via blood, how early efforts to safe the blood provide faltered, and what measures have been eventually applied to unravel the illness. The authors element the amazing mobilization of hemophiliacs who challenged the nation, the clinical institution, and their very own caregivers to hunt recompense and justice. in any case, the blood institutions in just about all the complex business international locations have been shaken. In Canada, the crimson move used to be compelled to withdraw from blood assortment and distribution. In Japan, pharmaceutical businesses that synthetic clotting issue agreed to large reimbursement -- $500,000 consistent with hemophiliac contaminated. In France, blood officers went to criminal. Even in Denmark, the place the variety of contaminated hemophiliacs was once really small, the fight and litigation surrounding blood has ended in the main protracted criminal and administrative clash in glossy Danish heritage. Blood Feuds brings jointly chapters at the reports of the us, Japan, France, Canada, Germany, Denmark, Italy, and Australia with 4 comparative essays that make clear the cultural, institutional, and monetary dimensions of the HIV/blood disaster.

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32 But such efforts at risk minimization did not allay the fears of an increasingly anxious public. Perhaps the most significant indication of erosion in the faith in the safety of the blood supply, and an expression of the lack of credibility with which the spokespersons for the blood banking system were regarded, was the frequency with which those in need of blood insisted not only on the right to bank their own blood for use but on the right to designate friends and family whose blood they would rely on for transfusions.

Although Vietnamese blood is screened for HIV antibody, such testing can fail to detect the presence of infection during the first months after a donor contracts HIV. Where the incidence of new infections is high, this can pose a serious threat to blood safety. Moreover, because the majority of blood is collected from professional blood sellers in urban areas, where rates of HIV are higher than in the countryside, blood shipped from the city is introducing HIV into areas that previously had low rates of infection.

58 Table 1-1. AIDS cases among hemophiliacs and blood transfusion recipients, by year of diagnosis 198J J982 1983 1984 J985 Adults Transfusion Hemophilia 2 2 13 7 50 18 122 59 Children Transfusion Hemophilia 2 0 5 2 9 3 Total 6 27 80 J986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 297 120 513 184 812 283 884 364 867 337 752 354 776 404 746 467 683 459 438 7294 3496 18 4 47 12 33 23 46 31 43 31 38 36 31 33 24 28 27 10 26 11 16 5 365 229 203 476 753 1172 1322 1278 1170 1232 1250 1179 1236 11384 Source: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, unpublished data.

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