Download Autonomous Vehicles in Support of Naval Operations by National Research Council, Division on Engineering and PDF

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By National Research Council, Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences, Naval Studies Board, Committee on Autonomous Vehicles in Support of Naval Operations

Autonomous automobiles (AVs) were utilized in army operations for greater than 60 years, with torpedoes, cruise missiles, satellites, and aim drones being early examples.1 they've got additionally been standard within the civilian sector--for instance, within the disposal of explosives, for paintings and dimension in radioactive environments, via a variety of offshore industries for either growing and protecting undersea amenities, for atmospheric and undersea study, and by way of in computerized and robot manufacturing.

Recent army reviews with AVs have regularly proven their worth in quite a lot of missions, and expected advancements of AVs carry promise for more and more major roles in destiny naval operations. Advances in AV features are enabled (and restricted) by way of development within the applied sciences of computing and robotics, navigation, communications and networking, energy resources and propulsion, and materials.

Autonomous autos in help of Naval Operations is a forward-looking dialogue of the naval operational surroundings and imaginative and prescient for the military and Marine Corps and of naval venture wishes and strength functions and barriers of AVs. This record considers the potential for AVs for naval operations, operational wishes and know-how concerns, and possibilities for enhanced operations.

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Operation Iraqi Freedom) before enemy defenses have been eliminated. Cruise missiles are accurate, reliable, and survivable, and they do not put pilots at risk, but since theirs is a one-way mission, they are also a relatively expensive way to put bombs on target. Alternatively, carrierbased tactical aircraft can close to within a few miles of a target area and drop inexpensive GPS-guided munitions or laser-guided bombs onto multiple targets and return to the carrier to reload, but of course these operations put pilots at risk.

The Marine Corps and Army have a joint program office in the UGV area in which it is most important that the Marine Corps maintain a high priority. Other Potential Missions The DOD’s missions are changing, and these changes will likely result in new and different missions for the Naval Services and new needs for AVs. For example, HAE UAVs may find application in maritime surveillance for homeland defense and for ballistic missile defense. A specific mission that cuts across applications discussed above is the collection and dissemination of environmental data.

Other possible roles for AVs 34 AUTONOMOUS VEHICLES IN SUPPORT OF NAVAL OPERATIONS include these: a network of UGSs employing acoustic and visual sensors may be useful for monitoring road traffic, UAVs may be useful for deploying UGSs, and UGVs are expected to be useful in reconnoitering over the hill. S. casualties in such operations. UAVs, especially vertical-takeoff-and-landing tactical unmanned aerial vehicles (VTUAVs), can provide persistent overhead surveillance using EO/IR, GMTI, signal intelligence (SIGINT), and chemical/biological/radiological sensors.

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