Download Applied artificial intelligence proceedings of the 7th by Da Duan, Paolo F Fantoni, Martine De Cock, Mike Nachtegael, PDF

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By Da Duan, Paolo F Fantoni, Martine De Cock, Mike Nachtegael, Etienne E Kerre

FLINS, initially an acronym for Fuzzy common sense and clever applied sciences in Nuclear technological know-how, is now prolonged to utilized man made Intelligence for utilized examine. The contributions to the 7th within the sequence of FLINS meetings contained during this quantity disguise cutting-edge study and improvement in utilized man made intelligence for utilized examine in most cases and for power/nuclear engineering particularly.

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Thus the incident electron must have sufficient energy to overcome the electron binding energy for a particular shell. The probability of the photoelectric effect decreases dramatically with increasing incident photon energy. It is perhaps counterintuitive that more tightly bound electrons are more likely to be involved in a photoelectric interaction. As a result, atomic electrons from materials with high Z numbers are much more likely to undergo a photoelectric interaction than those from lower Z materials.

In the photoelectric effect (Fig. 3-12), the photon interacts with an atomic orbital electron, leading to the liberation of the electron and a subsequent electron shell vacancy. The liberated electron, referred to as the photoelectron, is ejected with a kinetic energy equal to the energy of the incident photon minus the binding energy associated with the electron’s initial orbital shell. Thus the incident electron must have sufficient energy to overcome the electron binding energy for a particular shell.

Resolution is determined by the statistical variation of the collected light photons, which depends on the number of emitted photons. Finally, the response time affects the temporal resolution of the scintillator. The most common scintillation crystalline material used in nuclear medicine is thallium-drifted sodium iodide (NaI). Once the light is emitted in a scintillation detector, it must be collected and converted to an electrical signal. The most commonly used device for this purpose is the photomultiplier tube (PMT).

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