By Pat Carlen
In either the united kingdom and the remainder of the realm there were speedy raises within the numbers of ladies in legal, which has resulted in an acceleration of curiosity in women's crimes and the social keep an eye on of girls, and women's event of either felony and the felony justice approach is especially various to men's. this article is anxious to deal with the most important concerns in relation to women's imprisonment, contributing even as to an figuring out of felony matters ordinarily and the historic and modern politics of gender and penal justice. What are women's prisons for? What are they prefer? Why are lone moms, ethnic minority and extremely negative girls disproportionately represented within the women's criminal inhabitants? should still infants be despatched to criminal with their moms? those are among the problems with which this booklet is anxious. Analysing Women's Imprisonment is written as an introductory textual content to the topic, aiming to lead scholars of penology conscientiously in the course of the major old and modern discourses on women's imprisonment. every one bankruptcy has a transparent precis ('concepts to know'), essay questions and proposals for additional examining, and may support scholars arrange hopefully for seminars, path examinations and undertaking paintings.
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In this chapter we will guide the reader through these statistics and highlight their most important features. Finally, we will provide some comparisons with policy and practice in other countries. Sentencing women: chivalry or double jeopardy? Hedderman and Gelsthorpe argue that: equal treatment for men and women is a matter of approach not outcome. The underlying assumption is that fairness consists of 28 Women in prison: the facts people in similar circumstances being treated in similar ways, but it must be recognised that men and women do not necessarily appear in similar circumstances.
Because of increased security, there are virtually no escapes from either male or female prisons these days. In all other categories, women commit more offences than men and young women commit the most offences. In contrast to male prisoners, white female prisoners are more likely than black female prisoners to commit disciplinary offences. But the most frequent category of offence for women is ‘disobedience and disrespect’. From this, we can conclude one of two things – or a combination of both.
Prison staff, on the other hand, take it for granted that the demands of prison security and the demands of therapeutic practice are inevitably antagonistic: 20 Histories of women’s imprisonment We have the institutional dilemma of saying to women, ‘Be assertive, be confident’. And as soon as they begin to exercise that assertiveness, staff say, ‘Whoa. This is a prison. Get back there’. (Male Prison Governor in Carlen 1998: 89; see also Hannah-Moffat 2001: 18) The translation of ‘risk as dangerousness’ into ‘risk as need’ In the 1980s and early 1990s a number of campaigners against the imprisonment of minor female offenders had argued that women should only be imprisoned if they posed such a serious risk to public safety that a custodial sentence had to be imposed on the grounds of protection of the public.