By Dara Z. Strolovitch
The usa boasts rankings of organisations that provide the most important illustration for teams which are marginalized in nationwide politics, from girls to racial minorities to the terrible. the following, within the first systematic examine of those agencies, Dara Z. Strolovitch explores the demanding situations and possibilities they face within the new millennium, as waning felony discrimination coincides with expanding political and monetary inequalities within the populations they signify. Drawing on wealthy new facts from a survey of 286 agencies and interviews with 40 officers, Strolovitch reveals thatВ groups too usually prioritize the pursuits in their such a lot advantaged contributors: male instead of lady racial minorities, for instance, or prosperous instead of terrible ladies. yet Strolovitch additionally unearths that many organisations try and treatment this inequity, and he or she concludes by means of distilling their top practices right into a set of ideas that she calls affirmative advocacyвЂ”a type of illustration that goals to beat the entrenched yet frequently refined biases opposed to humans on the intersection of a couple of marginalized crew. Intelligently combining political idea with refined empirical tools, Affirmative Advocacy could be required examining for college kids and students of yankee politics.
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Extra resources for Affirmative Advocacy: Race, Class, and Gender in Interest Group Politics
In labeling these issues advantaged-subgroup issues, I mean in no way to suggest that the constituents affected by these issues are advantaged relative to the general population. It is important to keep in mind that for the most part, all of the organizations being considered here represent groups that are marginalized or disadvantaged in some way relative to the population as a whole. The disadvantages faced by members of advantaged subgroups, however, are not necessarily compounded by other axes of marginalization.
Organizational Maintenance | James Q. Wilson suggests another set of strategic considerations that are likely to depress advocacy on behalf of disadvantaged subgroups. Echoing Michels, he argues that the decisions of organization leaders are structured in large part by concerns about organizational maintenance and survival—considerations about, for example, the need to secure contributions, hold on to members, and maintain legitimacy. Wilson contends further that these concerns make organization leaders risk-averse and compel them to cater to those who can contribute time and money (J.
After selecting all issues that were potentially relevant to the groups in the survey, I then searched the 1990–2000 volumes of the Congressional Record and of the Federal Register to conﬁrm that the issues were on the agendas in the legislative and executive branches as well, noting how many times each issue had been mentioned in each of these sources. " Although appearing in any one of these sources would constitute sufﬁcient evidence that issues were on the political radar screen and thus could reasonably be expected to be on the agenda of advocacy groups, all twenty-two issues that I selected were found in at least two of the sources, and twenty of the twenty-two issues were found in all three sources.