Download Advances in nuclear science and technology. / Volume 1 by Ernest J. Henley, Herbert Kouts PDF

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By Ernest J. Henley, Herbert Kouts

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VII. ECONOMICS Economically speaking, there are advantages to each of the moisture removal schemes that we have mentioned. But each of these methods must be examined from the point of view of the particular reactor design being considered, the power output the facility is expected to have, and the economic structure of the entire project. The use of superheated steam in coal-fired power plants, in which the fuel and capital costs are lower than for nuclear-fueled power plants, has been justified for many years on economic grounds.

A steel-lined, leak-tight cavity in the biological concrete shielding surrounding the reactor is utilized as the vapor suppression water tank. Since any steam or water line rupture external to the reactor itself cannot release any fission products, the pipe gallery, drum area, and pump rooms are not vented to the vapor suppression system. These areas contain a pressure-released water spray system which, in case of a piping break, tends to quench the steam released before venting it to the stack.

87P FIG. 12. 1000 psig, 900°F superheat cycle. Turbine gross generation: 300,000 kw; turbine heat rate: 9091 Btu fuel/gross ltw-hr; auxiliary power: 852 kw; net plant output: 291,480 kw; net cycle heat rate: 9357 Btu fuel/net plant kw-hr. 9% efficiency deterioration for each 1% average moisture content. 3 P LOIN. HG. ABS. 4P f#5? 0P 1r SEPARATOR FIG. 13. Saturated steam cycle, 2400 psig. 6)/300,330 = 8541 Btu/kw-hr; net plant heat rate: 9113 Btu/kw-hr; 288 Mw at 35 in. Hg absolute and 3% MU; 2400 psig dry and saturated; TC2F—38-in.

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