By Ray Abrahams
According to box examine in jap Finland now not faraway from the Russian border, this e-book is an account of the most gains of rural society within the sector. It will pay special awareness to the adaptability of farming households in a swiftly altering global. topics taken care of comprise marriage and the relatives, paintings and mechanization, succession to farms, and the paradoxical blend of fierce individualism and cooperation. significant subject matters of the e-book are the relation among legislation and customized, which isn't continuously what it sort of feels at the floor, and the complicated interlocking of farm, kin, and the broader society.
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Additional info for A Place of their Own: Family Farming in Eastern Finland
6 Towards the end of the century, the position of such poorer elements in the rural population began to deteriorate yet further with the development of the timber industry. Land-owners found new uses for their land and became increasingly reluctant to allow tenants to occupy it. In the eastern areas, there was also a related fall in swidden cultivation, which had been an important stand-by for the landless. At the same time, farmers in financial difficulties were often tempted by their richer neighbours and the timber companies to sell up, and although some migrated to the urban areas and beyond, others remained to swell the ranks of the rural poor.
The village at this time was beginning to show some signs of the future patterns of differentiation. Two-thirds of the population were members of land-holding families, and two-thirds of these kept one or more farm or domestic workers. Although it is impossible to document exactly, some of the labourers and servants were children of local families who could hope to have a farm of their own at some time. On the other hand, it is true also that some labourers were members of former farming families who had fallen on hard times, and the same is true of some of the tenants and most if not all of the lodgers.
Literacy was an important concern, and a library was in due course organised by the society. These local institutions and associations were affiliated in a variety of ways to pre-existing wider regional or national organisations. They were all part of the spirit of the age and of a general movement for the betterment of rural life. 17 It is interesting in this regard that in Vieki, as no doubt in many other rural areas of the day, there was an intimate connection between such 'progressive' institutions and the development of formal education and the church.