Download A Handbook of Comparative Social Policy (Elgar Original by Patricia Kennett PDF

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By Patricia Kennett

The present context of social coverage is one during which a few of the outdated certainties of the prior were eroded. The predominantly inward-looking, household preoccupation of social coverage has made method for a extra built-in, overseas and outward method of research which appears past the bounds of the kingdom. it's during this context that this guide brings jointly the paintings of key commentators within the box of comparative research with a purpose to supply finished assurance of latest debates and concerns in cross-national social coverage study. Organised round 5 subject matters, this amazing quantity explores the contextual, conceptual, analytical and processual elements of venture comparative social examine. within the first half, the authors are enthusiastic about de-centring the kingdom and increasing the epistemological framework during which cross-national research is explored. In components II and III, the focal point is at the conceptual and theoretical frameworks for analysing social coverage cross-nationally, whereas half IV examines the day by day fact of getting ready for and engaging in cross-national research. within the ultimate part, the authors spotlight carrying on with and rising issues and matters that are of specific relevance to figuring out the modern social international. foreign in scope, this authoritative guide provides unique leading edge learn from prime experts and may develop into an quintessential resource of reference for someone attracted to comparative social examine. it's going to additionally turn out a worthy learn reduction for undergraduate and postgraduate scholars from quite a number disciplines together with social coverage, sociology, politics, city reports and public coverage.

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In Western countries gender roles had been constructed in such a way that women have been primarily responsible for housework, childcare and servicing, while men took on the role of ‘breadwinner’ or provider for the family. Feminist criticism was tempered somewhat by the recognition that the welfare state did benefit women to some degree. Labour market participation and the social insurance link meant that women, especially full-time carers, were often disadvantaged. Women’s unpaid domestic work was not regarded as making an independent or productive contribution to society and so worthy of social insurance (Crompton, 1999: 12).

Since the late 1970s, in many countries in the global South, attempts to improve health and social welfare provision have been undermined by debt and structural adjustment policies dictated by the ‘realities’ of global economic competition. It is well documented that welfare reform, or cutbacks more generally, work to transfer the burden of care from the public to the private sphere and, thus, often have a disproportionate impact on women. The third section of the chapter focuses on the increasingly multi-layered nature of governance.

Throughout this chapter I have emphasized the complexities of the recent structural transformation and strategic reorientation of the modern national state. This implies that any hypothesis or prediction about its future that can be expressed in a simple formula is likely to be one-dimensional and onesided and that any collection of such hypotheses or predictions will be inconsistent and contradictory. Accordingly I have introduced some conceptual distinctions to cut through the theoretical morass and provide the basis for a more sophisticated (but also, necessarily, more complicated and dialec- Hollowing out the ‘nation-state’ 25 tical) analysis of the future of the modern state as it developed in the post-war period in advanced capitalist societies.

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